In life each person can feel sad, lonely, empty, down, or temperamental at times. However, depression is when these feelings are present for long periods of time. (eg: weeks, months or years).
Depression affects a person (senior, middle aged, young adult, teenager, or a child) daily and throughout the day, where someone can feel any mixture of the above emotions, and is unmotivated to do anything. This includes the fun things the person may have enjoyed at some point. Some of the signs of depression can appear as changes in sleep or diet, energy levels maybe very low, an increase in worried thoughts or negative thinking.
There is no one cause for a person to experience depression again it is a number of variables that may have occurred in the recent past or over time.
There are two types of depression.
- Depression can be tiggered by stressful events, such as, relationship breakdown, job loss, grief and loss of a loved one, personal health issues, family issues, the inability to make positive changes for oneself, etc.
- Depression can be a disposition in your family genetics. Combining your genetic pool, life experience and patterns of thinking with high levels of stressful reoccurring situations can bring about depression
When an individual identifies with any of the above it is important to seek mental health support with a trained professional.
As with anxiety, affect treatment suggestions are as follow:
- Cognitive Based Therapy (CBT)
- Behavioural Activation
- Problem-Solving Therapy
- Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)
- Emotional Freedom Therapy (EFT)