Anxiety and Depression
Anxiety is a common disorder in today’s society. There are many reasons for anxiety disorder some scientific and others suggestive. However, the important thing is that anxiety is a natural response in humans and animals. Anxiety signals fight or flight in all creatures and we would not survive without it.
So when we look at anxiety as a disorder, it usually is suggestive there is something wrong. Anxiety is a disorder when it is elevated and cripples us of moving through life. Some anxiety disorder symptoms can be classed under these headings; avoidant, excessive, persistent or anticipated.
Below are some scientific generalisations and terms of the varied Anxiety Disorders.
- Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Having anxious feelings over normal everyday activity and overthinking upcoming simple events such as driving in the rain, or going to work, or getting up in the morning, etc.
- Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Having uncomfortable feelings about going out or being in a social environment, and afraid of being embarrassing, offending someone or not being liked or accepted by others.
- Panic Disorder: A repeated panic attack causing intensive anxious feelings all brought on suddenly.
- Phobia Disorder: A heightened illogical fear in association to a particular animal, object or situation.
If these disorders are not managed with the assistance of a trained psychotherapist, the long-term side affects can result in poor quality of life and in response other psychological disorders can become present.
How does a psychotherapist assist in creating normalisation of anxiety?
Various techniques are used to address the over stimulated anxious responses.
A Counsellor will work with a client through:
- Cognitive based therapy (CBT).
- Relaxation and Breathing Exercises in Mindfulness.
- Self-Monitoring (Observations and Reflections).
- Identifying Dysfunctional Thinking Patterns.
- Problem-Solving and Social Skill Learning.
- Behavioural Therapy.
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT).